2024 September stock market - A Rough September For Stock. JJ Kinahan. Senior Contributor. ... For the year, the S&P 500 is down 24% and the Nasdaq is down 32%, putting both markets in bear market territory.

 
Falling stock markets have wiped out more than $9 trillion in wealth from U.S. households, putting more pressure on family balance sheets and spending. Americans’ holdings of corporate equities ...Web. September stock market

Get the latest news on Stock Market crash, Reasons behind stock market crash on The Economic Times. Benchmarks . Nifty 20,267.90 134.75. ... “I feel that inflation will peak out by September or so and then probably start tapering down and that will be good news for our central bank. Let us hope people do not panic and use this opportunity to ...WebThe year 2022 was a lousy one for the stock market. Even after factoring in dividends, the S&P 500 fell 19.4% in those 12 months, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq composite took a 33.1% haircut.The 2015–2016 stock market selloff was the period of decline in the value of stock prices globally that occurred between June 2015 to June 2016. ... September 1, the SSE Composite Index declined 1.23%, Britain's FTSE dropped 3%, and the German DAX index declined 2.4%. In the U.S, the DJIA dropped to 16,058.35 points (2.8%) and the Nasdaq ...28 thg 9, 2023 ... Stock losses accelerate amid Fed fallout, shutdown worries: Stock Market Today | September 26, 2023. 2.3K views · Streamed 2 months ago ...The Bank Panic of 1907, the Stock Market Crash of 1929, and Black Monday 1987 all happened during the month of October. Historically speaking, however, September has had more down markets than ...The September Effect is an anomaly in which stock market returns are historically weak during the month. The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 has generally posted losses in September since 1945, but ...Wall Street traders know that September is ominous for stocks. Despite the complexity of the market, the reason boils down to something as simple as the post …September 09, 2022 — 09:33 am EDT. Wall Street closed higher on Thursday, led by a rally in finance and healthcare stocks. Economic data confirmed that the labor market …Wake stocks up when September ends: This was the Dow's worst monthly performance since March 2020. AFP via Getty Images Key Facts The Dow Jones …Sep 30, 2022 · September was a horrible month for stocks. The Dow fell nearly 9%, its worst monthly drop since March 2020, when pandemic lockdowns started in the United States. The index ended Friday deeply in ... Nov 22, 2013 · After prices peaked, economist Irving Fisher proclaimed, “stock prices have reached ‘what looks like a permanently high plateau.’” 1. The epic boom ended in a cataclysmic bust. On Black Monday, October 28, 1929, the Dow declined nearly 13 percent. On the following day, Black Tuesday, the market dropped nearly 12 percent. Sep 30, 2022 · For September, the Dow tumbled 8.8%, while the S&P 500 fell 9.3%. The Nasdaq lost 10.5%. CNBC ... Global Business and Financial News, Stock Quotes, and Market Data and Analysis. Understanding stock price lookup is a basic yet essential requirement for any serious investor. Whether you are investing for the long term or making short-term trades, stock price data gives you an idea what is going on in the markets.Get historical data for the S&P 500 INDEX (^SPX) on Yahoo Finance. View and download daily, weekly or monthly data to help your investment decisions.Dec 1, 2023 · Stock Market Outlook: December 2023. A crypto comeback, tax-loss harvesting season and an upcoming Fed meeting: These are just a few of the factors in December's stock market outlook. By Sam Taube ... The stock market usually performs poorly in September. This year could be different, precisely because shares have already risen so much for the year.The beginning of the week was marked by extreme instability in global stock markets, with dramatic drops in market values on Monday, September 15, and Wednesday, September 17. On September 16, the large insurer American International Group (AIG), a significant participant in the credit default swaps markets, suffered a liquidity crisis ...New York CNN —. The Dow reached a new high for the year Thursday as easing inflation data and strong third quarter earnings from Salesforce shot the …Activity across the bond market was in focus in the aftermath of the policy announcements. Treasury yields continued their perilous climb Wednesday, with the rate-sensitive 2-year Treasury note ...Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd. IPO Dates: November 21, 2023 to November 23, 2023. Issue price (Rs): 30 to 32. Issue size (cr): 2150.21. Lot size: 460. Exchange: NSE, BSE. Click ...Sep 28, 2022 · September 28, 2022 at 4:03 PM · 3 min read. U.S. stocks surged Wednesday afternoon as Treasury yields retreated from a sharp ascent and investors cheered on a surprise policy pivot by the Bank of ... Sep 29, 2023 · NEW YORK (AP) — Wall Street closed out its worst month and quarter of the year with more losses on Friday. The S&P 500 slipped 0.3% after a gain from the morning withered, and the majority of stocks within the index sank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 158 points, or 0.5%, and the Nasdaq composite edged higher by 0.1%. Oct 2, 2021 · Oct. 2, 2021, 10:17 AM. The SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (NYSE:SPY) finished the month of September down 4.8%. While that’s far from a stock market crash, the September pullback was notable for ... Get historical data for the KOSPI Composite Index (^KS11) on Yahoo Finance. View and download daily, weekly or monthly data to help your investment decisions.Get historical data for the Nikkei 225 (^N225) on Yahoo Finance. View and download daily, weekly or monthly data to help your investment decisions.WebOct 1, 2022 · 17.17%. 17.17%. % of October’s higher. 50.00%. 54.90%. Since 1950, September has been the worst performing month of the year for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 and Russell 1000 and ... No matter if you prefer tracking the stock market daily or tracking it to make adjustments every quarter, keeping an eye on your portfolio is smart for investors of all types. Here are five apps perfect for you to check the stock market sha...Sep 26, 2023 · The stock market remains in a bull market, however — it would need to fall 20% from its peak to enter bear territory. All three major indexes are heading for a losing week and month. Sep 21, 2023 · Investors who missed out on this year’s unexpected rally seem to be dipping their toes back into the US stock market. ... The S&P 500 has fallen 2.4% so far in September after logging a 1.8% ... Other services across the Group, including London Stock Exchange and RNS are unaffected and continue to operate as normal.. News and Prices. All - Get the latest stock market news, stock information and charts, data analysis reports, as well as a general overview of the market landscape from London Stock Exchange. Including FTSE 100.Sep 20, 2023 · By Rita Nazareth. September 20, 2023 at 3:16 PM PDT. Updated on. September 21, 2023 at 1:47 PM PDT. Listen. 7:25. Stocks fell the most since March, while Treasury 10-year yields climbed as the ... Southern Company has had two stock splits over the course of its history. The first split occurred on March 1, 1994, and the second split happened on April 3, 2001. In most cases, when a company splits its stock in this way, the actual mark...17.17%. 17.17%. % of October’s higher. 50.00%. 54.90%. Since 1950, September has been the worst performing month of the year for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 and Russell 1000 and ...The September Effect is an anomaly in which stock market returns are historically weak during the month. The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 has generally …FTSE constituents prices, list of FTSE constituents and newsOther services across the Group, including London Stock Exchange and RNS are unaffected and continue to operate as normal.. News and Prices. All - Get the latest stock market news, stock information and charts, data analysis reports, as well as a general overview of the market landscape from London Stock Exchange. Including FTSE 100.The effects of the September Effect are not limited to any particular international or national stock exchange or market. However, the September Effect is a global phenomenon wherein a few markets ... Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET.The two key market catalysts that have moved stock prices in the past two years will remain front and center in November: inflation and interest rates. The consumer price index gained 3.7% year ...Oct 1, 2022 · 17.17%. 17.17%. % of October’s higher. 50.00%. 54.90%. Since 1950, September has been the worst performing month of the year for the Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 and Russell 1000 and ... After a 1.2 percent slide on Thursday, the S&P 500 ended down 4.8 percent for September, its sharpest monthly decline since March 2020 and one that snapped a …Nov 17, 2023 · Below is the schedule for 2023 stock market holidays when the NYSE, Nasdaq and bond markets are closed: Monday, Jan. 2, 2023 — Observance of New Year’s Day, which occurs on Sunday, Jan. 1 ... Sep 1, 2022 · Leaves aren't the only thing falling in September. The first month of autumn has historically been the worst month of the year for stocks. The S&P 500, a benchmark index viewed as an indicator for how the stock market is faring overall, has fallen a median of 0.42% and seen positive returns just 44.7% of the time in September since 1928 ... Stock market news live updates: Stocks surge as Wall Street crawls out of a brutal September. U.S. stocks kicked October off on a strong note Monday after the S&P 500 and Nasdaq Composite closed ...WebAsian Markets category Morning Bid: RBA takes center stage as markets wobble December 4, 2023 article with video Future of Money category Crypto stocks …Discover historical prices for LLY stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Eli Lilly and Company stock was issued. ... U.S. markets closed. S&P Futures 4,596.25-4 ...WebThe effects of the September Effect are not limited to any particular international or national stock exchange or market. However, the September Effect is a global phenomenon wherein a few markets ... September 23, 2022 at 1:03 PM ... There’s still plenty of yield in the stock market even with the recent rally that has resulted in a 19% year-to-date gain in the this year. Plenty of stocks ...Discover historical prices for AAPL stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Apple Inc. stock was issued.Dow Jones - 10 Year Daily Chart. Interactive chart illustrating the performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) market index over the last ten years. Each point of the stock market graph is represented by the daily closing price for the DJIA. Historical data can be downloaded via the red button on the upper left corner of the chart.In today’s digital age, content marketing has become an essential tool for businesses to connect with their audience and drive engagement. One crucial element of a successful content marketing strategy is the use of visually appealing image...September was a horrible month for stocks. The Dow fell nearly 9%, its worst monthly drop since March 2020, when pandemic lockdowns started in the United States. The index ended Friday deeply in ...Kanya Sankranti will be celebrated on September 17, 2023, because the Sun will enter Virgo on that day. Mars will combust in Virgo on September 24, 2023. According to Stock Market Predictions 2023, both Bhadrapada Amanta and Bhadrapada Purnimanta will be auspicious, but Kanya Sankranti could prove inauspicious.The main stock market index in the United States (US500) increased 714 points or 18.60% since the beginning of 2023, according to trading on a contract for difference (CFD) that tracks this benchmark index from United States. United States Stock Market Index - values, historical data, forecasts and news - updated on November of 2023.Sep 27, 2022 · The S&P 500 was off by roughly 0.2% after dipping below its June 16 intraday low, while the Dow Jones Industrial fell more than 100 points, or roughly 0.4%. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite was an ... Sep 30, 2022 · September lived up to its billing as a lackluster month for the stock market, as the S&P 500 lost another 9.1% to stumble into the end of the quarter at new bear market lows, down 25% since its ... September 28, 2022 at 4:03 PM · 3 min read. U.S. stocks surged Wednesday afternoon as Treasury yields retreated from a sharp ascent and investors cheered on a surprise policy pivot by the Bank of ...Sep 7, 2023 · Here is the daily expected return for the DJIA in September. The weakest periods have been September 3 to 10, and September 19-26. The fifth has been the high for the month and also the average ... Since 1950, September has been the worst performing month of the year for the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA, +1.35%, S&P 500 SPX, +1.82% and Russell 1000 RUI, +1.93% and the worst for the...31 Aug 2023, 05:59 PM IST. In September, the stock market will be closed for ten days, of which five are Saturdays and four are Sundays. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) where people can buy, sell, and trade stocks and securities are open almost every day of the year, except for a few special holidays and ...Stock market crashes have posed a threat to both U.S. financial markets and citizens throughout history. Here is a timeline detailing each event. ... On Sept. 29, 2008, the stock market fell 777. ...The 2022 stock market decline was an economic event involving a decline in stock markets globally. The decline was the worst for American stock indices since 2008, ending three-years of gains. [1] In February 2022, the Russian invasion of Ukraine caused a sell-off across many financial markets throughout the world.Stock Market News, Sept. 6, 2023: Indexes Finish Lower, Pulled Down by Big Tech Shares ... Meme stock AMC Entertainment tumbled to a record low after announcing plans to sell up to 40 million shares.Wall Street traders know that September is ominous for stocks. Despite the complexity of the market, the reason boils down to something as simple as the post …Discover historical prices for INFY.NS stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Infosys Limited stock was issued.In 2023, the company expects $30.3 to $30.8 billion in revenue and non-GAAP earnings per share of $8.10 to $8.30. Both ranges show growth from expected year-end 2022 results—$28.5 to $29 billion ...The September Effect is an anomaly in which stock market returns are historically weak during the month. The Standard & Poor's (S&P) 500 has generally …Thanks to technological improvements and financial innovations, it’s easier than ever for individuals to invest in the stock market. In this article, you’ll learn how to easily open an online brokerage account, then start investing right aw...Get the latest news on Stock Market crash, Reasons behind stock market crash on The Economic Times. Benchmarks . Nifty 20,267.90 134.75. ... “I feel that inflation will peak out by September or so and then probably start tapering down and that will be good news for our central bank. Let us hope people do not panic and use this opportunity to ...WebDiscover historical prices for AMZN stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Amazon.com, Inc. stock was issued.Tech View: By ending 3 points lower after hitting an all-time high level of 20110, Nifty formed a bearish candle with a long wick on the daily chart on Tuesday. Analysts are not yet calling it a top reversal but the sharp sell-off in broad market indices is indicating more weakness ahead for the benchmark in the coming sessions.A decline below 19850 levels could confirm a short-term top ...These include well-known companies like Tata Steel and Punjab National Bank, alongside others like Coal India, Dhanalakshmi Bank, and LIC Housing Finance. Additionally, Rajshree Sugars and ...WebThe effects of the September Effect are not limited to any particular international or national stock exchange or market. However, the September Effect is a global phenomenon wherein a few markets ... Watch the latest SparkLive webcasts including: Results presentations, investor updates, Capital Markets Days, AGM's and more. Welcome to the official website of London Stock Exchange where you will find the latest stock market news, stock information, data analysis reports, as well as information about listing and trading.29 thg 9, 2023 ... GUO: Several years ago, Lily set out to investigate what causes this September slump in the stock market. She had a hunch that it had to do with ...Get historical data for the Nikkei 225 (^N225) on Yahoo Finance. View and download daily, weekly or monthly data to help your investment decisions.WebSee stock prices and live forex rates, track crypto markets and stock market indices — all on one page.Web1 thg 9, 2023 ... Yahoo Finance anchor Jared Blikre reports on the stock market outlook for September including SPY, down moves to watch, and volatility.Bear Stearns' failure was not enough by itself to cause the stock market to crash -- it kept rising, to 14,164 points on Oct. 9, 2007 -- but by September 2008, the major stock indexes had lost ...September stock market

November was certainly an active month for the company and the stock. Investors were rewarded as Tesla stock gained 19.5% for the month, according to data …. September stock market

september stock market

1 thg 9, 2023 ... The stock market will be closed Monday, September 4, for the Labor Day holiday. Bond traders will get an extended weekend too, with the bond ...Activity across the bond market was in focus in the aftermath of the policy announcements. Treasury yields continued their perilous climb Wednesday, with the rate-sensitive 2-year Treasury note ...The performance of the S&P 500 has varied greatly from month to month in 2022. In fact, for the most part, the S&P has exhibited some rather large monthly moves, with more than a few months ...22 thg 9, 2023 ... Friday 29 September ... The ex-dividend day is the first day on which it is no longer possible to buy the shares and qualify for the dividend. Ex- ...Leaves aren't the only thing falling in September. The first month of autumn has historically been the worst month of the year for stocks. The S&P 500, a benchmark index viewed as an indicator for how the stock market is faring overall, has fallen a median of 0.42% and seen positive returns just 44.7% of the time in September since 1928 ...While the stock market was once considered a tool of the wealthy, a lot has changed even in the last few decades. With the rise of commission-free online brokerage accounts, now anyone can buy or sell stocks right from their own computer sc...The recent decline in the stock market coincided with normal seasonal trends and was arguably overdue given the historic run in the 1H of 2023, including a record 39.4% total return for the Nasdaq ...1 thg 9, 2023 ... The stock market will be closed Monday, September 4, for the Labor Day holiday. Bond traders will get an extended weekend too, with the bond ...Jeremy Siegel, "Wizard of Wharton". Beyond September, Siegel weighed in on the long-term trajectory of stocks. He said the US stock market is on firm ground, and the …Forecasts are as follows: the unemployment rate for October is expected to remain unchanged at 3.8%, and average hourly earnings increased by 0.3% m/m. Nonfarm payrolls are expected to expand by 178k, following a gain of 336k in September. Stock market volatility will rise in the afternoon.WebDiscover historical prices for CSCO stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Cisco Systems, Inc. stock was issued. ... U.S. markets close in 2 hours 43 minutes. S ...The September Effect refers to the historically weak stock market returns observed during the month of September. In fact, September has been the worst performing month, on average, going...All NYSE markets observe U.S. holidays as listed below for 2023, 2024, and 2025. Trading Days. Holiday 2023 2024 2025; New Years Day: ... Monday, September 1: Thanksgiving Day: Thursday, November 23** Thursday, November 28** Thursday, November 27** Christmas Day: Monday, December 25:In 2023, the company expects $30.3 to $30.8 billion in revenue and non-GAAP earnings per share of $8.10 to $8.30. Both ranges show growth from expected year-end 2022 results—$28.5 to $29 billion ...The recent market consolidation is due to factors such as rising interest rates in developed markets and a slowdown in global growth. However, Arora remains optimistic about the long-term growth potential of the Indian economy and markets. She prefers high-quality businesses with strong balance sheets.WebNEW YORK, Aug 25 (Reuters) - U.S. stock investors are bracing for a potentially volatile September as the market faces key economic data reports, a Federal …Discover historical prices for DIS stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when The Walt Disney Company stock was issued. ... U.S. markets closed. S&P Futures 4,593.50 ...WebActivity across the bond market was in focus in the aftermath of the policy announcements. Treasury yields continued their perilous climb Wednesday, with the rate-sensitive 2-year Treasury note ...Tech View: By ending 3 points lower after hitting an all-time high level of 20110, Nifty formed a bearish candle with a long wick on the daily chart on Tuesday. Analysts are not yet calling it a top reversal but the sharp sell-off in broad market indices is indicating more weakness ahead for the benchmark in the coming sessions.A decline below 19850 levels could confirm a short-term top ...Sep 29, 2021 · September's losses led to a weak third quarter for the market. For the 3-month period, the Dow dropped 1.9%, while the Nasdaq Composite shed 0.4%. The S&P 500 held on to a modest gain and is still ... Dow Jones - 10 Year Daily Chart. Interactive chart illustrating the performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) market index over the last ten years. Each point of the stock market graph is represented by the daily closing price for the DJIA. Historical data can be downloaded via the red button on the upper left corner of the chart.NEW YORK, Aug 25 (Reuters) - U.S. stock investors are bracing for a potentially volatile September as the market faces key economic data reports, a Federal …Oct 2, 2021 · Oct. 2, 2021, 10:17 AM. The SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (NYSE:SPY) finished the month of September down 4.8%. While that’s far from a stock market crash, the September pullback was notable for ... Get historical data for the KOSPI Composite Index (^KS11) on Yahoo Finance. View and download daily, weekly or monthly data to help your investment decisions.Falling stock markets have wiped out more than $9 trillion in wealth from U.S. households, putting more pressure on family balance sheets and spending. Americans’ holdings of corporate equities ...WebThe S&P 500 fell 4.9% for September, which is typically the worst month for stocks. On Friday, the benchmark index slipped 0.3%, while Dow industrials fell 0.5%. The Nasdaq edged up 0.1%. Nike ...While the stock market was once considered a tool of the wealthy, a lot has changed even in the last few decades. With the rise of commission-free online brokerage accounts, now anyone can buy or sell stocks right from their own computer sc...September was a horrible month for stocks. The Dow fell nearly 9%, its worst monthly drop since March 2020, when pandemic lockdowns started in the United States. The index ended Friday deeply in ...Nov 22, 2013 · After prices peaked, economist Irving Fisher proclaimed, “stock prices have reached ‘what looks like a permanently high plateau.’” 1. The epic boom ended in a cataclysmic bust. On Black Monday, October 28, 1929, the Dow declined nearly 13 percent. On the following day, Black Tuesday, the market dropped nearly 12 percent. The effects of the September Effect are not limited to any particular international or national stock exchange or market. However, the September Effect is a global phenomenon wherein a few markets ... Since mid-September, stocks on the S&P 500 and the Nasdaq have dropped by 5% and 6% respectively. The Stoxx Europe 600 has fallen 3.3%. ‘Higher for longer’ interest ratesDiscover historical prices for RELIANCE.NS stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Reliance Industries Limited stock was issued. ... U.S. markets closed. S&P ...Stocks broadly shrugged off moves in the bond market. Chemical giant Dow was the best-performing member of the 30-stock index, rising 1.7% after an upgrade from JPMorgan. Eight of the 11 S&P 500 ...WebTech View: By ending 3 points lower after hitting an all-time high level of 20110, Nifty formed a bearish candle with a long wick on the daily chart on Tuesday. Analysts are not yet calling it a top reversal but the sharp sell-off in broad market indices is indicating more weakness ahead for the benchmark in the coming sessions.A decline below 19850 levels could confirm a short-term top ...Welcome to the official website of the PSE — stay updated with the latest market data, stock information, and relevant materials on the Philippine stock marketThe NYSE and NASDAQ are open Monday-Friday 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time. There are 9 trading holidays when markets are closed plus several scheduled half-days. On half-days markets closed at 1:00 p.m. Pre-market trading is 6:30 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. and after-hours trading is 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. Most online brokers …WebTrading and market holiday calendar 2023 — NSE, BSE and MCXWhy do stocks tend to fall in September? Because most investors think they will, so they sell in September. The October stock market crashes are well-publicized ...Sep 28, 2022 · September 28, 2022 at 4:03 PM · 3 min read. U.S. stocks surged Wednesday afternoon as Treasury yields retreated from a sharp ascent and investors cheered on a surprise policy pivot by the Bank of ... The September Effect is a market anomaly, unrelated to any particular market event or news. The September Effect is a worldwide phenomenon; it doesn't …Sep 6, 2023 · Gujarat-based civil construction company Chavda Infra Ltd has set a price band of Rs 60-65 per share for its initial public offering (IPO). The IPO will open for public subscription on September 12 and will conclude on September 14, while the bidding for the anchor investors will open on September 11, the company said in a statement on Tuesday. The main stock market index in Brazil (IBOVESPA) increased 17472 or 15.92% since the beginning of 2023, according to trading on a contract for difference (CFD) that tracks this benchmark index from Brazil. Brazil Stock Market (BOVESPA) - values, historical data, forecasts and news - updated on December of 2023.Top 9 Best-Performing Stocks: November 2023. These are the best stocks in the S&P 500 right now, based on 1-year performance. By Arielle O'Shea. and Chris Davis. Updated Nov 29, 2023.Dow Jones - 10 Year Daily Chart. Interactive chart illustrating the performance of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) market index over the last ten years. Each point of the stock market graph is represented by the daily closing price for the DJIA. Historical data can be downloaded via the red button on the upper left corner of the chart.Discover historical prices for ICICIBANK.NS stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when ICICI Bank Limited stock was issued.Discover historical prices for PFE stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Pfizer Inc. stock was issued. ... U.S. markets closed. S&P Futures 4,594.00-6.75 (-0.15 ...WebThese include well-known companies like Tata Steel and Punjab National Bank, alongside others like Coal India, Dhanalakshmi Bank, and LIC Housing Finance. Additionally, Rajshree Sugars and ...WebDiscover historical prices for TSLA stock on Yahoo Finance. View daily, weekly or monthly format back to when Tesla, Inc. stock was issued.. Wvvi